Breakdown of Roger Federer’s tennis serve

Published on February 10, 2017

Roger Federer has one of the most smooth and effortless tennis serves in the world and he has one of the most underrated serves going around. Although Federer does not reach quite the speeds of some of the other professional tennis players, he is much better in many of the other aspects of the serve. Federer’s serve is a great model for young people to try and emulate as it is a simpler, more classical and has less extreme elements than other professional tennis athletes. Below is a rundown of the tennis legend’s serving technique in accordance to the biomechanical teaching cues above.

1.Federer never rushes his technique; he starts with his hands together with his racquet drawn back and down whilst his left hand drops.

2.Federer tends to let his racquet trial down instead of tossing and lifting the racquet at the same speed. He shifts his energy in to his quadriceps and bends his legs throughout this motion.

3.His wrist is loose and his arm is bent as the ball goes up. His ball toss is slightly in front of him and fairly high in the air. He turns his shoulder in such a way that the opponent will have trouble trying to predict what type of a serve he is going to produce.

4.This is Federer’s famous trophy position as it is now known as. He is basically underneath the ball with his chest pointing towards the sky looking at it. His racquet is about to drop down and is in mid loop. At this moment he is able to spring upward on towards the ball, putting all of his available energy at the ball.

5.This is the point where his racquet is at the lowest point. However, at this moment his torso, legs and chest are all on the way up. His racquet at this stage still hasn’t moved up. The purpose of his movement at this stage of the skill is to make the conditions perfect for the racquet to be able to spring up as fast as possible.

6.At this stage his arm is completely extended. There is a small arch to his body, but this is due to him moving up and out. As his racquet is so high it gives him the chance to hit the ball into his opposition’s service box from an improved angle. His head and eyes stay up and focused at the point of contact even after the serve has been played.

7.His head is still up even though the swing is just about in completion. His wrist has rotated onto the ball whilst his momentum has moved onto the court. His left arm is kept close to his body in order to maintain balance. Although this part of the serve is meant to be the most violent looking part of the swing, Roger makes it look effortless and smooth.

8.The landing of Roger is just on the inside of the baseline. His right foot moves back which helps him balance. His knees are also bent apart at this stage to help aid the landing. He is not looking towards the court and is positioned in a way in which he could easily move to the left and right of the court to return the next shot which comes his way.